arms trafficking

The Z Factor VII: MAFIYA (2)

“The unique situation in the former USSR, and the fact that Jews predominated in the Soviet bureaucracy, provides another link in the rise of the mafia. Jews predominated in the earlier and more primitive black market in Russia, and thus these groups were physically more ready to take advantage of the crisis in Russia beginning in the mid-1980s. Jewish organized crime, connected to both the KGB and Mossad, automatically had the skids greased to remain off the radar screen for allied intelligence agencies.”

— Dr. M. Raphael Johnson PhD.


clip_image001Semion Mogilevich

It is always difficult to approach subjects regarding Jewish and Zionist activities without being accused of anti-Semitism, most usually by academics and mainstream journalists who are desperate to maintain their careers. But in order to explore dispassionately any influences which become detrimental to the whole, no subject can be ignored. Yet, the buffers surrounding Israel politics and Jewish discourse are substantial creating an almost impassable hysteria that prevents any constructive criticism.

One point of contention which is obvious to anyone who has perused cultural history and politics is the fact that Jewish presence in the US is so closely aligned to the media, Hollywood and most notably, the pornography industry.Not a problem in itself – unless of course Zionism begins to overshadow it. And since 80 per cent of digital crime may now originate in some form of organised activity it is highly probable that that organised crime – thus an already present Russian-Jewish dominance –  is extended into the digital and internet domain. This is resulting in the creation of online pornography empires and their links between escort sites and human trafficking and organised crime.[1]

As we have briefly explored the nature of the MOSSAD, the sayanim network and the ruthless nature of Zionism as a political movement, then it become logical that centres of organised crime and affiliated domains would be targeted. Or, as Nathan Abrams explains in The Jewish Quarterly:

“… there’s no getting away from the fact that secular Jews have played (and still continue to play) a disproportionate role throughout the adult film industry in America. Jewish involvement in pornography has a long history in the United States, as Jews have helped to transform a fringe subculture into what has become a primary constituent of Americana. These are the ‘true blue Jews’. […] Though Jews make up only two per cent of the American population, they have been prominent in pornography. Many erotica dealers in the book trade between 1890 and 1940 were immigrant Jews of German origin.” [2]

You can read just how far Jewish culture has dominated pornography by reading the full article HERE

As Abrams mentions in his essay, it is the self-confidence, intelligence, adaptability and “Chutzpah” that made the pornography industry an obvious choice to make huge profits as well an undercurrent of “atavistic hatred of Christian authority.” Quoted in Abram’s essay is ADL’s National Director and holocaust survivor Abraham H. Foxman who commented: ‘Those Jews who enter the pornography industry have done so as individuals pursuing the American dream.’”  Which is why we must question the genesis of that dream and by how much such adaptability and geopolitical opportunism has gained ground within the context of organised crime.

The B’nai B’rith’s powerful Anti-Deformation League (ADL) is one of the most well-known Jewish organisations that benefit directly from such largesse, acting as a key channel in providing finance to Russian-Jewish Mafia’s entry into American society. Consequently, the ADL was instrumental in persuading the FBI to call off investigations saying that it would “foster anti-Semitism” and prejudice Americans against genuine “Soviet-refugees.” [3] Successfully masquerading as a civil rights body countering anti-Semitic attacks, it is, in reality, a front for MOSSAD and the Zionist apparatus within America; the Russian-Jewish mafia, inescapably inside its inner workings. Even a former ADL General Counsel, Arnold Forster admitted “… that he was often a ‘source’ for the Mossad Israel’s CIA.” [4]

***

As the Russian economy collapsed so the black market provided support based on “brotherhoods” within the gulag system which were then transferred to the mainstream markets. This impenetrable and highly secretive network was ready to extend its reach far beyond Mother Russia:

Sen. Henry “Scoop” Jackson’s famous bill, the Jackson-Vanick law, linked Soviet trade privileges to the treatment of Soviet Jews. It was a bill lobbied heavily for by American Jewish organizations. And while non-Jews could not emigrate from Russia, Jews could. Quickly, the KGB took this opportunity to dump its hardcore criminals into the United States, many who were Jewish, as conservatives cheered, believing, naively as usual,to have scored a major victory against the USSR. Much of the Jewish mafia’s penetration into the United States came as a result of these Soviet “boatlifts,” which were partially financed by groups such as the ADL or the Hebrew Aid Society. [5]

As we have seen, the roots of Jewish organized crime go back to Tsarist times and beyond with a monopoly on slave trade and usury. Zionist crime syndicates gave Lenin a helping hand securing financial wherewithal from bank robberies and extortion rackets. Bolshevik ideologues and Jewish organised crime syndicates were often joined at the hip since their intimidation methods were essentially the same.

Under Leonid Brezhnev in the 1970s, the Russian economy was effectively driven by the black market, and it was to be an easy transition for the Russian-Jewish mafia to capitalize on the death throes of an aging political and ideological dinosaur. As we are seeing in the United States, the fact that the economic infrastructure did not totally collapse in 2008 is partly due to this underworld crutch that fuses with the global financial architecture. Like Russia, it too will collapse from a variety of domestic and international factors, but unlike Russia, it does not have a strong state infrastructure to regain its place in the world. When the collapse comes, is likely to take an inordinately long period of time to recover.

The links between Israel, America and the Russian mafia go further. Apart from the historical ties between Russian and Israeli Jews there are other more disturbing reasons for the rapid international growth. In the 1970s, under pressure from Zionists within Washington the Soviet Union granted permission for Jews to emigrate. According to Friedman’s research the Communist leaders “… took this opportunity to empty its jails of thousands of hard-core criminals, dumping vast numbers of undesirables … on an unsuspecting America, as well as on Israel and other Western nations.” [6]

While thousands of legitimate Russian-Jewish immigrants entered the United States many were rapists, murderers and ex-mafia henchmen who had been jailed along with communists after the breakdown of the Soviet Union. No questions were asked. These and other criminals established their bases in Brooklyn, Miami and later Los Angeles. By now, their influence extends across the United States with a clearinghouse in New York where blackmail, extortion, money-laundering, human, sex and drug trafficking are organised.

Laura Radanko, who is also Jewish, has built on Friedman’s research on the Russian-Jewish mafia. Regarding the emigration of Soviet Jews under Leonid Brezhnev in the 1970s she also confirms that: “… thousands of hard-core criminals, many of them released from Soviet Gulags by the KGB, took advantage of their nominal Jewish status to swarm into the United States.” Furthermore: “In the 1970s, more than forty thousand Russian Jews settled in Brighton Beach. It was under the shadow of the elevated subway tracks on Brighton Beach Avenue, bustling with Russian meat markets, vegetable pushcarts, and bakeries, that the Russian gangsters resumed their careers as professional killers, thieves, and scoundrels…”

What is curious is that the FBI did not set up a dedicated task force until 1994 underscoring the fact that federal authorities in general have been remarkably slow to react to this mafia invasion. It seems were it not for their “own sluggishness in addressing the problem, the Russian mob in the United States would never have become as powerful as it is today.” Friedman states according to an FBI spokesman, that despite there being some five thousand “hard-core Russian criminals” in the New York region [as of 2000] “The Russian Mafia has the lowest priority on the criminal pecking order.” [7]

Such a cozy relationship with American and European intelligence and a virtual immunity from prosecution it is little wonder they have rocketed to the top of the organised crime league tables.

brighton

Brighton Beach | Ruskiy Narod, Eto Ruskaya Brigada

The Albanian gangs working in concert with the Cosa Nostra – the Sicilian mafia; the Chinese “Snake-heads,” and the high society connections of the Japanese Yakuza all play a significant part in the management, organisation and profits of the underworld economy. However, the Russian Godfathers still control 70 per cent of the Russian economy, with operations in up to 50 countries including Macau, China, illegal drug and car theft trafficking in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, money laundering in Cyprus, Israel, Belgium and England, trafficking in nuclear materials and prostitution in Germany. In Freidman’s words: “Italian organized crime in America is a pimple on a horse’s ass compared with Russian organized crime in America—and globally,” [The Russian Mafia]….have something no crime group in the world has. They have their own state to work from, in fact, a former superpower.” [8]

They also continue to run their global operations out of Israel with comparatively very little interference from the authorities. Estimates from Israeli analysts place the investment of the Russian-Jewish bosses in the Israeli economy at about $20 billion since the late 1970s. This explains why Israeli law enforcement remains apathetic in the face of such financial dividends and by extension, may even encourage mafia influence within its borders. [9]

Jewish investment in the weapons industry and global arms trade allows Israel to covertly support many so called “terrorist” groups such as Al-Qaeda, Colombian FARC, Kosovo’s KLA, and Islamic Jihadist groups of many denominations, all of which serve to accrue huge profits while serving ideological objectives for a “Greater Israel.” With financial dependency there is always control, hence the tradition of usury and banking where successive Israeli governments and their agencies can act in favour of their geo-political interests without recourse to official policy.

Since media outlets are largely controlled by the Zionist Establishment and thus the MOSSAD it is unsurprising that the public rarely hears a word about Russian-Jewish oligarchs such as Ukrainian and Soviet Jewish immigrant Marat Balagula who ran businesses in Brighton Beach named “The Odessa” a notorious hub for Russian Jewish workers assisting him in the running of prostitution, drugs trafficking, tax evasion schemes and petroleum distribution rackets.

Robert I. Friedman mentions a former associate who saw Balagula as a man who “had a heart” though the overall consensus is that this a rather scary character, like most criminal psychopaths:

“Marat was the king of Brighton Beach. He had a Robin Hood complex. People would come over from Russia and he’d give them jobs. He liked professional men. Guys came over and couldn’t practice medicine or use their engineering degrees. He sought them out. He was fascinated with intellectuals. He co-opted them. He put them into the gasoline business, he put them into car washes or taxi companies. He’d reinvest his own money in their business if they were having trouble.”

He was released from prison in 2004 after serving various convictions for gasoline bootlegging and credit card fraud. He obviously didn’t quite have the clout of one Semion Mogilevich, described by Friedman as “the world’s most dangerous man.”  A Jewish Ukrainian now based in Hungary, he is widely known to be the head of the Russian Mafia groups having particular input in arms dealing from his hungarian base and human trafficking and prostitution rackets in Israel.

According to Wikileaks, Mogilevich has been connected with corporations that include RosUkrEnergo, Raiffeisen Bank, and Russia’s state energy company Gazprom. Mogilevich was said to be a long term arms supplier for the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) famous for its atrocious human rights record. [10] The Mafia conduits for such activities serve as the middle-men between banks that are well-known for laundering money. Russian-Jewish oligarchs who are embedded in, or have substantial ties in the Russian Mafia itself can thus grease the wheels at either end of the legitimate and non-legitimate spectrum of business interests. The inability of NGO’s, governments and international organizations to regulate global arms imports and exports is allowing a bonanza for so-called legal and illicit arms sales of the type mentioned above. In fact, turning a blind eye is a necessary corruption that allows all concerned to prosper. Except of course, for civilians and civic society in general who remain squeezed between the state and criminal psychopath.

An Amnesty International report states that Israel is a dominant player in the international arms market, with “two thirds of its weapons production going to export” and topping the list of the 100 leading arms companies in the world. Israel’s four companies are: Elbit, RAFAEL, IMI (Israel Military Industries), and IAI (Israel Aircraft Industries). The report mentioned sales of weaponry from the United States to Israel, “… which … uses these arms in its military actions in the Palestinian territories, resulting in the death and injury of thousands, all in violation of the international humanitarian law.” Reference is also made to the selling of the US made Apache attack helicopters which included “… sub-systems manufactured by companies in Britain, Holland, and Ireland, which under the European Union regulations should not have allowed the direct sales of these arms systems to Israel.” [11]

For such a tiny country still embroiled in debate about the legitimacy of its historical existence, it seems to have a wildly disproportionate role in arms trafficking and official sales if we forget that it remains the seat of operations for the Russian-Zionist mafia. Contemporary Russia is all but controlled by the Mafia with frequent power struggles between government and the oligarchs. When extreme capitalism enmeshed with organised crime creates disorder there are opportunities for all. Analysts believe that seven Russian-Jewish business men in Russia “…control virtually half of the companies whose shares are rated the highest at the national stock market.” [12] In the last twenty years, the so-called “Big Seven” were: Rem Vyakhirev (Gazprom), Boris Berezovsky (Logovaz), Vladimir Gusinsky (Most Bank), Vaghit Alekperov (Lukoil), Alexander Smolensky (Stolichnyy Bank), Mikhail Khodorkovsky (Rosprom /Yukos Oil), Andrey Kazmin (Sberbank) with Roman Abramovich and Oleg Deripaska gaining significant ground at the turn of the millennium.

The power of oligarchs diminished significantly after Vladimir Putin became president, with many coming under fire for various illegal activities, most notably tax evasion from businesses they acquired. However, it is widely speculated and believed that the charges were also politically motivated, the tycoons having fallen out of favour with the Kremlin. Vladimir Gusinsky (MediaMost) and the late Boris Berezovsky both escaped penalties and possible imprisonment by leaving of Russia, while the most prominent, Mikhail Khodorkovsky (Yukos oil), was arrested in October 2003, and sentenced to 9 years, which was subsequently extended to 14.

Then there are the “recognized” gangsters tracked by the U.S. government which include: Monya Elson, Evsei Agron, Emile Puzyretsky, the Nayfeld brothers, the aforementioned Marat Balagula and Semion Mogilevich, the Zilber brothers and Vyacheslav Ivankov.

In April 2005 the Russian-Jewish Media mogul Vladimir Gusinsky was implicated in a money laundering scam after the arrest of 25 staff at Hapoalim, in Tel Aviv, Israel’s biggest commercial bank. Gusinsky reportedly owns 27 per cent of Maariv (or Ma’ariv) Holdings, a big Israeli newspaper publisher. According to the Wall Street Journal Arnon Perlman, spokesman for former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, was vice chairman of Maariv Holdings. The New York Times quotes Jonathan Nitzan, associate professor at York University: “Many politicians there [Israel] are financed by organized crime, and Israeli politics has been penetrated very deeply by Russian money…” [13]

Indeed, the Russian mafia has taken advantage of Israel’s liberal immigration and banking secrecy laws to join the money laudering operations using immigrants as couriers or fronts. South Americans, Israelis and international diamond dealers are believed to have long used Israel as a money-laundering safe haven. The Israeli banking system offers limitless possibilities for recycling dirty money. Israeli banks have off-shore branches and firms in Europe, the Caribbean, the United States, Canada and Southeast Asia, effectively guaranteeing anonymity for deposits in hard currency, free circulation of funds throughout the world, and the possibility of converting them into gold.

It was only in 2002 that Israel passed some fragile money-laundering laws and was taken off an international register of nations blacklisted for extensive involvement in money laundering operations. $2.5 billion to $4 billion of laundered money has been funnelled through Israel after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Israeli police sources cited in one recent press report quoted an estimate of “… $5 billion of Israel’s $17 billion in foreign exchange reserves may be attributed to money belonging to Russian organized crime.” [14]The Cocaine Triangle being a classic example, where underworld networking with Colombian drug barons funnel the money, ($8 billion in 2011) the Israelis launder it and the Russians provide the security and the muscle. [15]

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union the exporting of Capitalism has been taken up by the Russian underworld in particularly ruthless fashion. Corruption, which was always a factor in the Communist State is now completely out of control. Some estimates range from 3,000 to 5,000 organized crime gangs within Russia which outnumber the size and scope of Organizatsiya syndicates. Stalin even took advantage of the “Organizatsiya” (The Organisation) for subduing his own population until he realised that they were cast from the same mold and thus rather difficult to control. Due to the endemic nature of crime networks the vast financial resources from armaments sales were plundered and sold to the highest bidder. Even the substantial reserves of Gold bouillion had all but vanished from Russian vaults by September 1991.

As writer David Guyatt outlines, this was all part of a policy of asset stripping:

“Gradually it became clear that the massive quantities of exported Roubles weren’t just coloured paper. Almost worthless on the international market they were repatriated through some of the 260 Mafia controlled banks that sprung-up around the country. Having gone full cycle from export through to repatriation, the laundered Roubles, now viewed as inward “investment”, were used to capitalise and finance the explosion of crooked Joint Venture companies that had mushroomed in the meantime. There followed a massive spending spree that continues to this day.” [16]

The sheer scale and speed of this mafia control is only understandable when the corruption of the Communist regime and the Bolshevik roots of this crime wave is seen for what it is: an unbroken succession of generational ties which broke like a damn in the wake of Glasnost and Perestroika and flowed into every domain of Russian business and government.

As is ever the case, women and children are still bearing the brunt of money laundering and the massive inflow and outflow of cash from narcotics and weapon sales which are used to further expand the industry in the sex trade. Ordinary Russians are destitute while Moscow is officially the fourth most expensive city in the world. And with prostitution among children rocketing, the defence of the innocent has long since taken a back seat in politics while a warped capitalism is feeding on the bodies and minds of a lost generation. Or to put it another way: “A 12-year-old girl, found on the street in Saratov [Russia] by police, said she was in prostitution to raise enough money to buy a Barbie doll.” [17]

The CIA had a vested interest in destabilizing the Soviet Union by any means necessary and did so not just by embroiling Russia in the war in Afghanistan, but allowing the seeds of decay to be facilitated with break-neck speed via the crime networks. The US knows very well that Russia is a key supplier of arms to China and has acquired the top place in oil and natural gas extraction thus holding unique bargaining advantages. Although the Cold War ended on September 11th the Islamic war shows that the Players still have a full deck of cards.

Although there has been an enormous amount of Western propaganda directed at Vladimir Putin, he has done his level best to find the balance between confronting this criminal overworld and maintaining and developing Russia’s socio-economic integrity. Not an easy task.

Back in the early 2000’s, Putin and the late Ariel Sharon were two individuals continuing the tradition of a particular financial strategy. In exchange for technology secrets from the Israeli spy rings in the US, a mass exodus of Russian Jews were to be allowed safe passage via routes which will bypass America in favour of the West bank. It was noted on several occasions in the MSM Sharon’s close ties to Putin. From a Pravada report back in 1999: “We highly appreciate Vladimir Putin’s policy and his personal guarantees, with which he repeatedly sides when the Israeli security is a matter of concern.” And with good reason. Russia also has the world’s largest oil reserves; more timber than the Amazon and substantial resources of gold, gemstones and other mineral wealth. Sharon and the US Zionists, ever on the prowl for leverage and control, see Russian politicians and the Mafia stronghold as assets for a number of opportunities. Though Ariel is dead, Prime Minister Netanyahu has extended the ties to the Russian-Jewish Mafia and built on Sharon’s relationships. However, Putin’s national and foreign policies may yet begin to chafe against Russian-Mafia and Zionist designs. Putin has an extremely complicated legacy of Old Mother Russia, the parasitical nature of the Jewish-Russian oligarchs and the present US-NATO hegmony. That’s a lot to juggle for so long.

Discarding the front of international concerns and foreign policy issues, we can see that there is another agenda at play. Notwithstanding the Israeli government’s links to Russian/Jewish mobsters, it has been reported that Sharon became a soviet asset as far back as 1981. [18] The deal is that Russia and by default, Israel riding on its back, gains a substantial foothold in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Obviously key to Russia’s role is to remain a major player despite the aggression from US-NATO forces attempting to bait the Bear into a Cold War re-enactment. By getting the US to fight its wars and with the straddling of resources from Russia from both politicians and the Mafia, Israel and its long-term agents at strategic places in various nations continues to provide enormous leverage.

As we can see with the recent shell game of Zionist gold confiscation, financial warfare and ultra-right wing politics in the Ukraine, Putin has managed to play a very clever geopolitical game by cutting off the head of US-NATO’s imperial designs. He has also managed to retain his popularity in his native Russia. As ex-KGB, Putin is no fool. He knows that Ukrainian and Russian oligarchs straddling oil and gas are largely Jewish and/or Zionist and he also knows that the Jewish Dissidents who helped topple the U.S.S.R. remain connected to the socio-political typography of the New Russia which is effectively a Russian-Jewish mafia state.  Ukraine has a Second World War history of Jewish persecution yet, how the tables have turned. Just as Zionists and Jewish fascists are in control in the occupied territories, so too has the dominance of Russian-Zionist mafia gained control of Ukrainian culture. Meantime, US-NATO games have installed an ultra-right wing government which swings to the other extreme, effectively allowing the genuine threat of anti-Semitism against ordinary Jews to mask a long known Zionist take-over of Ukrainian culture. Putin knows how to manage the field without causing so many fractures that threaten his power. And Russia is what matters most to him most. How long he can continune to manage these forces arraigned against him is anyone’s guess.

Meantime, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu intends to deliver on the legacy of Sharon and quite a bit more. This is where the prophecies of Chabad Lubavictch and the coming of the Mélekh ha-Mashíah have worked their way into both hard line Zionism and the fortunes of both the Eagle and the Bear.

See also: New World Criminal Order: How the US Govt Funneled $40 Billion Cash to the Russian Mafia


Notes

[1] ‘Organised Crime in the Digital Age: The Real Picture’ Executive Summary of BAE Systems Detica and the John Grieve Centre for Policing and Community Safety  ‘Organised Crime in the Digital Age’ research report | http://www.baesystemsdetica.com/
[2]  See previous post: Nathan Abrams, The Jewish Quarterly 2010.
[3] ‘Jewish Group’s Tactics Investigated’ By Jim McGee, Washington Post, Oct. 19, 1993.
[4] ‘The Judeo-Russian Mafia: From the Gulag to Brooklyn to World Dominion’, by Y M. Raphael Johnson, PH.D. Barnes Review, May 27, 2006.
[5] op. cit. Friedman (p.66)
[6] op. cit. Raphael (pp.65-66)
[7] Ibid.
[8] p.7; ‘Eurasia’s Organized and Transnational organized Crime’. Jason D. Soderblom, World International Community Experts, September, 2005.
[9] ‘A Tale of Gazoviki, Money and Greed, by Hans Martin-Tillack, Stern Magazine, September 2007 | “Wadih el Hage, a top assistant to Osama bin Laden who is serving a life sentence for his role in the 1998 U.S. Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania, visited Hatton Garden in the lead-up to 9/11 to raise funds for Al Qaeda by smuggling tanzanite gems from Tanzania. The Sunday Express reported that Al Qaeda financial front men associated with the Islamic charity, Mercy International Relief Agency, used Irish bank accounts to transfer money to Warsaw. The transactions were ultimately traced to a bank associated with Russian-Israeli mafia chief Semion Mogilevich, who was linked to the Marc Rich Benex-Bank of New York scandal. A senior FBI agent said, ‘Mogilevich is into more bullshit than you can shake a stick at.’ Some of the funds transfers, picked up by National Security Agency and British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) intercepts, were likely used to fund part of the 9-11 attacks. – p. 167; Jaded Tasks: Brass Plates, Black Ops, & Big Oil By Wayne Madsen, Published by Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2006.
[10] ‘Amnesty: Two thirds of Israeli arms – for exports’ YNet. February 10, 2006.
[11] ‘Capitalism in the New Russia’1998, Daniel W. Michaels, (a Fulbright Scholar and U.S. Defense Department Analyst)
[12] ‘Huge Money Laundering Operation Discovered at Tel Aviv Bank Branch’ by Mordecai Plaut and Yated Ne’eman Staff, http://www.chareidi.org | Wall Street Journal pA18 March 8, 2005.
[13] International Crime Threat Assessment Chapter III: “Israel.”… “Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Israel has become a significant operating area for Russian criminals, who take advantage of Israel’s large Russian immigrant community of more than 600,000 to conduct criminal activities in Israel and abroad and launder illicit proceeds. Several international criminal figures from Russia, Ukraine, and other NIS have obtained Israeli citizenship and passports, often fraudulently, for the purpose of establishing a safehaven in Israel and to facilitate their international travel. According to press reports, Israeli police officials have estimated that 10 to 15 organized crime groups from the former Soviet Union, including Solntsevo, have a presence in Israel. Russian criminals who have obtained Israeli citizenship appear to believe they are protected from foreign law enforcement investigations and that they will not be extradited to a foreign country to stand trial for crimes committed there. | http://www.clinton4.nara.gov/WH/EOP/NSC/html/documents/pub45270/pub45270chap3.html
[14] TrustLaw Scrapbook – $8bln laundered each year in Colombia’ By Anastasia Moloney, September 21, http://www.trust.org/
[15] Lt. Andrei Demikhov, Alessandra Stanley, ‘Russian Cities Weigh Legalization of Prostitution’ 3 March, 1998.
[16] ‘Gangster’s Paradise’ “ Organised crime in Russia is out of control.  Criminal “brigades” own everything of value and can “acquire” any commodity in any quantity if the price is right.  Ferocious criminal gangs ship out nuclear warheads with the same aplomb that they plunder train-loads of stolen bank-notes.  Fearless and ingenious they even ripped-off Russia’s entire gold reserves.”By David Guyatt | http://www.deepblacklies.co.uk/gangsters_paradise.htm
[17] op.cit. Stanley.
[18] ‘Sharon and His Mafiya Allies Plot Israel Election Theft’ By Jeffrery Steinberg, January 10, 2003 issue of Executive Intelligence Review. “With Rich and the Russian Mafiya’s ties extended all the way up into the Office of the Vice President of the United States, it is no wonder that Ariel Sharon boasts that Israeli-American ties have never been tighter.”
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The Z Factor I

By M.K. Styllinski

 “The nature and history of the Judaic assassin was known by our civilization’s greatest artists and poets and imparted through the classics of western literature. Today however, the myriad “classical Christian” advocates … who quack their support for western civilization and its canon, have about the same fidelity to it as Donald Duck.”

Michael A. Hoffman II


zfactor1One intelligence agency renowned for its ruthless self-serving agenda is the MOSSAD. Having successfully co-opted the globe with their pre-emptive operations across all political and social domains the extraordinary influence this Israeli intelligence agency has had in the present and preceding century regarding geopolitical strategies, cannot be overstated. It has been at the centre of most of the state sponsored terrorist acts and the ensuing conflicts that have arisen from them.

Israel’s reputation as a haven for sexual slavery and Russian-Zionist mafia influence is well-documented and would suggest that the MOSSAD is involved in human trafficking, narcotics and arms as means for financing their powerful leveraging of the geopolitical scene. The enormous power of Israeli lobbyists in the United States as well as their traditional role in media and entertainment provide a reliable source for the furtherance of underworld financing of ideological objectives. The assassination of Canadian arms inventor Gerald Bull in Brussels on March 22, 1990, is instructive on this point and revealed just how cemented all three activities seem to be.

Gerald Bull was an internationally known astrophysicist, arms dealer, genius of military hardware and the inventor of the notorious “Super Gun” under Project Babylon. Bull’s friends and associates included major players within the CIA and he was not above using these contacts to secure favours in order circumnavigate legal problems or easing the passage of arms sales, though clearly, this did not always work. (His long term business dealings with South Africa landed him in jail for smuggling despite the CIA’s attempts to have his sentence quashed).

Although many of Bull’s colleagues and business associates thought his links to the agency were exaggerated, his final end suggests that this was not the case. In fact, Bull had contacts with both former CIA directors William E. Colby and Stansfield Turner, the latter dating back to the late 1960s before he became head of the agency. Colby, Like Bull, died under mysterious circumstances in 1996 while on a solo canoe outing in Maryland. What is even more interesting is that his death followed closely on from his dealings with John Decamp the Nebraska senator who came to notoriety through his determination in raising awareness of the paedophile rings thorough successive administrations, up to and including the present. (See The Franklin Cover up).

It is not by coincidence that Bull was based in Brussels, long recognized as a hub of illicit arms deals. Bull’s deal with Iraq had been bankrolled by the Société Générale, the banking arm of the Société Générale de Belgique, a holding company of the Belgian Royal Family which owns 40 percent of the country’s industry. Being the backbone behind Belgium’s financial prosperity it is a corporation that has considerable leverage in global finance said to have been established by William of Orange back in 1822 with the task of financing Belgian industry.

Aside from the Belgian Royals, the Vatican has been a faithful shareholder along with the powerful business interests of the Rothschilds, Solvays, the Boels and the Janssens. [1]Prince Bernhard of Netherlands also had a slice of the pie, having his own substantial interest in the oil industry. With such dubious friends as Joseph H. Retinger, co-creator of the Bilderberg Group in Europe, the Elite membership was early on mired in petroleum interests and corporate colonialism.

The Belgian Royal family and the Solvay family appear to be the only major shareholders in SGB apart from cross holdings within the group, which inevitably led to a “self-perpetuating oligarchy” so favoured by the rising monolith of Russian mafia expansionism. [2]Furthermore, SGB exerts considerable control over the second major arms producer, Fabrique Nationale, which produces the Browning pistol under licence from the United States. The US and Israel have had a special relationship with Belgium using it as a major supplier and broker for weapons sales. In 1989, Bull was working for Belgium’s premier arms manufacturer Poudrieres Reunies de Belgique (PRB).

There were also significant business dealings with the late billionaire and leading arms dealer Shaul Eisenberg, who had brokered a sale in Gerald Bull’s Space Research Corporation for South Africa’s state owned arms manufacturing company, Armscor. Eisenberg happened to be a high level MOSSAD operative and a key figure in Israel’s nuclear development programs, though his primary role had been to secure Israeli interests in China dating back to the Cold War. Eisenberg, (whose Wikipedia entry is periodically re-written by Israeli propagandists) also “… controlled Israel Aircraft Industries and Zim Israel Navigation Shipping Company” according to intelligence journalist Wayne Madsen, and “… was able to provide needed nuclear weapons components from Operation Phoenix to China and two of its major allies, North Korea and Pakistan.” [3]

Shaul_Eisenberg

Shaul Eisenberg

His financial enabler and fellow agent was banker Tibor Rosenbaum, head of the Geneva based Banque du Credit international (BCI) [4] which during the late fifties and sixties was actively involved in laundering money from the criminal empire of Meyer Lansky. Like Rosenbaum, Lansky was a fierce Zionist. His financial contributions to the “cause” ensured his protection from the MOSSAD. Tibor Rosenbaum funded and supported Eisenberg giving the tycoon enormous financial leverage and covert influence over global business politics. [5] The corporations and companies owned by Eisenberg and now under his son Erwin’s control include: Iron Mt Recordkeeping, Iron Mtn mining, Rotron, Wackenhut, Israel Chemicals, Eisenberg Industries of Israel, Permindex, Legacy foundation of Nevada, Eisenberg Satellite and Telecom.

What should not be forgotten is MOSSAD’s well-known tactic of using front companies within the telecommunications industry for spying and blackmail. As we saw in a previous post, private security contractors in Iraq are used extensively by the US and make up a convenient resource for black operations. As Mark Shapiro, a spokesman for Wackenhut stated: “Security officers now outnumber law enforcement by three to one.” Wackenhut’s ease in collecting telephone records for its less than legal investigations from another Eisenberg owned corporation, AT&T, fuels speculation that this is a network of corporate businesses fused with Israeli intelligence interests, a mirror image of Eisenberg own dealings.

From the moment Donald Rumsfeld shook Saddam’s hand in 1983, delivering the promised chemical weapons shipments along with the CIA-led support for his regime, Gerald Bull was being groomed for chemical weaponry work in Iraq. Meanwhile, Eisenberg was busy expanding “Israel Chemicals” now owned by a Canadian company [6] With the rise of Neo-Conservatism, the infiltration of the Bush administration from die-hard Zionists took a major leap forward. As far back as 1988, Israel was busy implementing its plan to maintain the illusion that it was the only “democracy” in the Middle East and to ensure an end to any and all possibilities for lasting peace within the region. After all, they believed that such moves would eventually mean the corrosion of its military presence and the eventual demise of the State of Israel.

Feeding into the parallel force of the extreme right in America, the phony war on terrorism was beginning to take shape. A new bogey man was required and the Likud and Neo-cons were to begin an uncomfortable and complex fusion of interests which would culminate in the attacks of September 11th, the most audacious propaganda coup since Pearl Harbour[7]and all doors for coercion, blackmail and information gathering would be open. If new doors needed to be unlocked, then new “keys” were made. Thus it came to be, that Saddam Hussein was considered a primary asset for CIA-MOSSAD tag-team and the assurance that Israel would maintain its military and ideological position in the region. Hussein was to become an integral part of the new deception to turn back the clock and prevent any emergence of “a leader who might be more palatable to the West and still be a threat to Israel.” [8]

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Donald Rumsfeld shaking hands with Saddam Hussein circa 1983 in relation to chemical weapons contract

Ex-MOSSAD agent Victor Ostrovsky outlines the background to the Iraq Invasion in his second book The Other Side of Deception (1995). He writes about the intelligence agency’s long-term project to portray Hussein as a tyrant and a “danger to the world” beginning in the late 1980’s and which was to continue right up to the Gulf war in 1990/91 and beyond. To that end: “The MOSSAD activated every asset it had, in every place possible, from volunteer agents in Amnesty International to fully bought members of the US Congress. Saddam had been killing his own people, the cry went; what could his enemies expect?”

Ostrovsky reveals the context behind the propaganda coup of the Kurdish massacre and its relation to Iraq:

The gruesome photos of dead Kurdish mothers clutching their dead babies after a gas attack by Saddam’s army were real, and the acts were horrendous. But the Kurds were entangled in an all-out guerrilla war with the regime in Baghdad and had been supported for years by the MOSSAD, who sent arms and advisers to the mountain camps of the Barazany family; this attack by the Iraqis could hardly be called an attack on their own people. But, as Uri said to me, once the orchestra starts to play, all you can do is hum along.

The media was supplied with inside information and tips from reliable sources on how the crazed leader of Iraq killed people with his bare hands and used missiles to attack Iranian cities. What they neglected to tell the media was that most of the targeting for the missiles was done by the MOSSAD with the help of American satellites. The MOSSAD was grooming Saddam for a fall, but not his own. They wanted the Americans to do the work of destroying that gigantic army in the Iraqi desert so that Israel would not have to face it one day on its own border. That in itself was a noble cause for an Israeli, but to endanger the world with the possibility of global war and the deaths of thousands of Americans was sheer madness. [9]

And it is in 2013 with Syria’s President Assad that we see the same tawdry attempts at PSYOPS with fake chemical attacks and media propaganda desperately trying to push through a new war in the Middle East. The Israeli lobby is beside themselves with frustration because at the time of writing this usually successfully tactic has failed as a direct result of public pressure in turn the exposure to alternative media exposing false flag operations for what they are. Yet, endangering the world with deception after deception is exactly what extreme elements in Israel’s government and MOSSAD operatives have continued to do from the disaster that was the Iraq invasion to the present day sabre-rattling and MOSSAD incursions into Iran – the next target on the map of a Greater Israel.

In order to follow through on their psychological operations the Israelis introduced the “Weapons of Mass Destruction” meme to the press and to further implant the idea of an imminent threat to all democracies from Saddam’s developing programs of nuclear chemical and biological weaponry. The propaganda train was set in motion, exaggerating and distorting Iraq’s true capability. The MOSSAD was about show its expertise in “false-flag” operations.

According to Ostrovsky, Gerald Bull was visited by Israeli friends from his past who were also MOSSAD officers, of which Bull was very probably aware. They had come to give him a warning having been thoroughly debriefed by MOSSAD’s psychological department and who had: “… studied the position Bull was in and analysed what was known about his character. It arrived at the conclusion that, even if threatened, he wouldn’t pull out of the program but would instead carry on his work with very little regard for his personal safety.” [10]

Ostrovsky believed that:

“Bull’s continuing with the program would play right into the MOSSAD’s hands. Through the bullet riddled body of Gerald Bull the world would be made to focus on his work: the Iraqi giant gun project. The timing had to be right though; Bull’s well publicised demise had to come right after an act of terror by the Baghdad regime, an act that could not be mistaken for an accident or a provocation. The hanging of the Observer reporter on March 15 was such an act.

After the reporter’s execution in Baghdad, a Kidon (MOSSAD assassination) team arrived in Brussels and cased the apartment building where Bull lived. It was imperative that the job be done in a place where it would not be mistaken for a robbery or an accident. At the same time, an escape route was prepared for the team and some old contacts in the Belgian police were revived to make sure they were on duty at the time of Bull’s elimination so that, if there was a need to call on a friendly police force, they’d be on call. They weren’t old of the reason for the alert, but would learn later and keep silent. [11]

Twelve years later in May 2003, a Belgian State Prosecutor considered reopening a probe into the murder having found new information that MOSSAD was indeed, involved. His consideration did not last long. In July 18, 1991, Belgian politician André Cools who had been investigating the murder of Bull a year earlier became the next high profile assassination. Two Tunisian men who carried out the murder were thought to have been employed by a Gladio group [12]which in turn led back to the CIA/MOSSAD. André Cools had not only met and interviewed Shaul Eisenberg as part of his investigations into the case, but the Iraqi banker Abdullah Zilka. Foolishly, he announced that he would shortly be providing evidence on Belgian, Canadian and American corruption in the arms industry, the latter of which extended to some very elevated names within the British arms industry and the Bush Administration including Dick Cheney, Neil Bush, Donald Rumsfeld and certainly the enigmatic Frank Carlucci. His interviews with the two men were never published. The Belgian judge presiding over the murder case issued arrest warrants for mafia bosses connected to Toto Riina, the head of the Italian mafia.

Jean-Marc Connerotte, the courageous Belgian judge found himself dismissed from the Cools murder case before he could issue indictments on leading politicians. His removal was to be repeated several years later in the Dutroux case, when another similar list of high-profile names would appear, only to disappear into the night from whence they came. Alain Van der Biest, and a one-time political ally of Andre Cools and a shareholder in Poudrieres Reunies de Belgique, along with several associates, was accused of the murder by – you guessed it – an anonymous informer. By March 2002, while waiting to hear if he would go on trial in connection with the murder, Van der Biest was found dead from a “drug overdose” and with a suicide letter to his wife.

In October 2003 only five of the nine accused stood trial the others choosing to remain in various countries in Europe rather than to acquiesce to the law. It is not hard to see why. Finally, by January 2004 two had been acquitted and six men sentenced to 20 years in prison. They included his former aide, Richard Taxquet, chauffeur Giuseppe di Mauro, and two men tried in their absence, Cosimo Solazzo, Domenico Castellino. A “former aide” and his “chauffeur” with Italian mafia connections: this was hardly a resounding victory – rather a damp squib excuse that “justice be done.”

André Cool’s murder had thrown the Walloon socialist party into chaos and the subsequent investigation revealed not only several minor league sexual scandals but the payment of more than £2 billion in bribes made by French aerospace manufacturer Dassault and Italian helicopter firm Agusta to secure equipment orders from the Belgian armed forces, via socialist politicians. This bought down the Belgian Secretary-General to NATO and certainly put the spotlight on Belgian weapons manufacturing and the vested interests involved. But has anything changed? As in the Dutroux case, those on the outer ring of corruption took the rap and those who had a little more pertinent information were taken care of. And thus the world of arms, sexploitation and paedophilia continues to spin.

As we have explored, the manufactured nature of Belgium (not dissimilar to Israel) shows that Brussels and all its military agencies enjoy a disproportionate amount of power within the European Union. The 1970s and 1980s was particularly favourable for the development of institutional corruption and the fostering of ponerogenic networks. After the decision to set up the European headquarters of NATO otherwise known as Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) the CIA, along with the fascist network Gladio became concerned by the geo-political “prostitution” of Belgium to all and sundry, including Soviet spies. Gladio has all but been merged into the Zionist mafia consortiums that sub-contract assassins and various brokers within their respective fields.

With the collapse of the USSR the underworld is flowing freely into the Balkans; into Belgian’s military-industrial Establishment and fanning out across Europe. It seems that Brussels is a nexus point in the transference and brokerage of a major number of shadowy deals which extend far beyond the daily abuse of market capitalism. Israel’s MOSSAD and its extensive networks of sayanim * are central to this trade.

 


* Sayanim – Describes persons of Jewish origin living outside Israel as foreign citizens and who volunteer to provide assistance to the Mossad. This includes medical care, financial support, research; intelligence gathering i.e. anything that can aid the Mossad in their global operations. Estimates put the number of sayanim in the thousands. This is one reason why the Mossad operates with fewer agents than other intelligence agencies.

 


Notes

[1] p. 345; The Barons Of European Industry, by Anthony Rowley, 1974.
[2] Ibid. (p.356)
[3] ‘CIA Report: Israel Guilty of Nuclear Proliferation’ By Wayne Madsen, Veterans Today, January 20th, 2013.
[4] This bank was the forerunner to the Bank of Credit and Commerce international (BCCI) which collapsed in the late 90s after being discovered as a major intelligence drug money laundering bank.
[5] Shaul Eisenberg was also a partner in Perminidex.
[6] ‘The Saddam in Rumsfeld’s Closet’ by Jeremy Scahill, Common Dreams, August 2, 2002. | http://www.CommonDreams.org
[7] For further reading see: The New Pearl Harbor – Disturbing Questions about the Bush Administration and 9/11 by David Ray Griffin and 911: The Ultimate Truth by Joe Quinn and Laura Knight-Jadczyk.
[8] The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad’s Secret Agenda by Victor Ostrovsky, Harpercollins, 1995.
[9]  Ibid.
[10] Ibid.
[11] Ibid.
[12] “‘You had to attack civilians, the people, women, children, innocent people, unknown people far removed from any political game. The reason was quite simple: to force … the public to turn to the state to ask for greater security.’ – Gladio agent Vincenzo Vinciguerra. “Operation Gladio is a decades-long covert campaign of terrorism and deceit directed by the intelligence services of the West – against their own populations. Hundreds of innocent people were killed or maimed in terrorist attacks — on train stations, supermarkets, cafes and offices – which were then blamed on ‘leftist subversives’ or other political opponents.[…] Originally set up as a network of clandestine cells to be activated behind the lines in the event of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe, Gladio quickly expanded into a tool for political repression and manipulation, directed by NATO and Washington.” quoted from Global Eye: ‘Sword Play’ By Chris Floyd, The Moscow Times.

 

See Spanish version at La Verdad Nos Espera

Outsourcing Abuse III: Dyncorp, Plan Colombia and Private Armies

By M.K. Styllinski

plan-colombia

“America provides the guns, Colombia provides the dead.”

“The pretext of Al-Qaeda infesting the country was used. It was the same propaganda employed in the invasion of Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Yemen, Syria and most of Africa –  in fact,  any other country which has bountiful resources. As the US government retained control, Dyncorp was airlifted in with a fat $10 million contract in the following year for “peacekeeping” and “logistical support,” thus replacing the more costly presence of US combat forces. In other words, this was a proxy army to complete the proxy government.”


Before we return to the topic of Establishment child rape networks I want to continue with the legacy of Dyncorp and other private security firms as outposts of an emerging Pathocracy.  They are important nodes in the expansion of a bankrupt empire and their links to covert drug and the sex trade. Inevitably these companies always have links back to the original source of pathological disease. Dyncorp’s role in Latin America and in particular Colombia is instructive in this regard.

impactos-del-plan-colombia-en-ecuadorThe Free Trade agreements of the Americas walked over the remains of the dead economies of South America, hacked off at the roots by years of U.S. interventionism and later under the auspices of the IMF and World Bank. The colonization has changed but is on schedule and Dyncorp is right in the thick of it to ensure its completion.

The U.S. $1.3 billion Plan Colombia was one example. Critics said that the corporation was involved in “counter insurgency” operations in the war on drugs as well as the monopolisation of oil interests in the region. Paramilitaries and mercenaries are co-mingling in a mix of dirty interests. The corporation’s activities also extend into Bolivia and Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and Panama where it is also carries out drug interdiction, transport, reconnaissance, search and rescue missions, medical evacuation and aircraft maintenance.

The fact that President Bush had substantial ties to Harken Energy Inc., of Houston, Texas, is well known. Bush Jr. opted for a comfortable desk job with the company in 1986 and received $2 million in stock options, a $122,000 consulting job and a seat on its board of directors for his trouble. Meanwhile, in the Magdalena Valley where Harken Energy and other oil companies peddle their business, right wing paramilitary groups comprising of Colombian military officers, drug traffickers, cattle ranchers and fighting guerrillas are paid to protect oil pipelines. Civilians in Colombia have become the prime targets as rapacious parties compete for territory. The murder of peasants is common place if they do not respond to threats and intimidation to leave land targeted for mining, oil exploration and agriculture. Harken continued to rake in the cash on the backs of dead civilians in the Magdalena Valley, with help from the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation.

Paramilitaries protected corporate interests in the region. Death squads operated on behalf of U.S. oil companies and political parties, which were closely entwined in a network of intelligence agencies with the CIA as the guiding hand. After all, Colombia is both the leading recipient of US military aid in the hemisphere and the worst violator of human rights. Connection?

“Plan Colombia” was inflicted on the country for ill-advised reasons during President Bill Clinton’s presidency. The $1.3 billion aid package which was mostly military aid to Colombia and its neighbours, was to usher in “peace, prosperity, and the strengthening of the state” [1] by proposing a military strategy to stop illicit drug cultivation and trafficking. The plan was to be carried out by providing military assistance to the Colombian armed forces and police, and the creation of three anti-narcotics army battalions. However, aside from a slight drop in cocoa plant production, it did none of those things. What it actually did was to build on the destabilisation in the region thanks to 1990s Reaganomic policies and to “increase the dispersion and proliferation of organized crime and the expansion and intensification of political crime and guerrilla warfare.” [2] The plan served to increase politically motivated killings and where “counter-narcotics operations in Plan Colombia fail[ed] to target drugs cultivation in areas under long-standing paramilitary control.” [3]

After a whopping expenditure of $4.72 billion from 2000-2006 with $3.84 billion (81 percent) going to Colombia’s military and police forces, things have only got worse. The reason being, over 50 percent of Colombia’s land is owned by paramilitaries, the monopoly of which is drawn from the paramilitary control of members of Colombia’s Congress at around 30 percent.  It suggests that the CIA, true to its colours, wished to gain control of an important financial resource rather than to decrease its influence in any genuine way.

Dyncorp wasn’t the only one slicing into the pie. AirScan, a based in Rockledge, Florida provides High-Tec air surveillance and is responsible for patrolling the Colombian jungle in Cessna Skymaster electronic surveillance planes, spotting coca plantations and guerrilla threats to the Cano Limon oil pipeline. Military Professional Resources Inc. based in Alexandria, Virginia provides a consultancy service run by former US generals. Its mercenaries were responsible for training the Colombian Army and police officers. An Alabama company working out of the Maxwell Air-force base, Aviation Development Corporation (ADC) flies Cessna spotter planes for the CIA in Peru and Colombia to help target aircraft used by drug smugglers.

droga-panelas1

Cocaine monopolisation: Funding American interests

It was this latter company that caused a brief headache for the PR branches protecting the so called “drug war” when a small plane carrying US missionaries was shot down in Peru by a military pilot killing a young woman and her seven-month-old baby girl. The missionaries’ plane was first spotted by a US Cessna Citation surveillance plane piloted not by the US military but by private contractors hired by ADC. This echoed the shooting down of a Dyncorp helicopter and the subsequent rescue of its pilots by their own search and rescue teams which culminated in a shoot-out with the rebel Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Nothing like a spot of Hollywood intrigue to keep the shareholders happy.

Another minor glitch in its operations was discovered in late 2001 when online news journal The Nation managed to obtain a document of a monthly DEA intelligence report from May 2000 in which officers of Colombia’s National Police force intercepted a US-bound Federal Express package at Bogota’s El Dorado International Airport with a parcel containing two small bottles of a “thick liquid” with the same consistency as “motor oil”. The communiqué reported that: “… the liquid substance ‘tested positive for heroin’ and that the ‘alleged heroin laced liquid weighed approximately 250 grams.’” DynCorp spokeswoman Janet Wineriter stated:  “… the viscous liquid that the Colombians tested was not, in fact, laced with heroin; it was simply “oil samples of major aircraft components’ that DynCorp technicians are required to take and send to the US ‘on a periodic basis.’ ” [4]

While the package was traced back to an unnamed employee of Dyncorp who was sending it on to the Andean operations headquarters at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, the government and Dyncorp were tight-lipped regarding details as to why this was entirely innocent and the result of faulty testing equipment. After a slippery tossing of the hot potato between the US Embassy, the Colombian National Police Force (CNP) the DEA and the Colombian State Department (and of course Dyncorp) the problem was shoved under a decidedly rank carpet courtesy of the CNP whose forensic unit decided it prudent not to pursue the matter.

The testing equipment called NARCOTEX was to all intents and purposes, also found to be bogus by the International Association of Chiefs of Police’s Drug Recognition Experts. They could find no evidence of drug technology with that name. A token military doffing of its hat towards those that were intent on its eradication, was all that was needed. (Like the “War on Terror,” the “War on Drugs” is also largely bogus, a topic we will return to much later).

Dyncorp’s presence in Latin America has stuck like mud against the aspirations of its inhabitants since the early 1990s. It was during one of its contracts for helicopter maintenance that some of the long held suspicions about the multinational were further confirmed when one of those helicopters crashed in the Peruvian jungle in 1992. On board were three DynCorp employees, including Robert Hitchman, a covert-ops specialist, who had worked for the CIA in a number of operations ranging from the CIA front, “Air America,” to Libyan black-ops for Colonel Kaddafi. Hitchman was in fact, flying DEA agents and the Peruvian military on missions into guerrilla territory to destroy cocaine labs and coordinate the herbicide spraying program. True to Dyncorp services, he was also training Peruvian pilots to fly combat missions.[5] Colombia was to be a much more extensive capturing of a country’s destiny where Colombian army, paramilitary groups and toxic spraying and fumigation would be stepped up to a degree that would pay big money to ex-military veterans and black ops personnel.

 fumigaciones

Toxic spraying and fumigation

As part of this propaganda the corporation dutifully and profitably went about its $200 million[6] contract to spray 2,550 Square miles of Colombia with Monsanto’s “Round-Up Ultra” herbicide from 2000-2005, under the pretext of eliminating the illegal cocoa crops. An environmental disaster loaded on yet more suffering for the Colombian peoples already being squeezed by Bogota and the U.S. government. With 82 percent of the population living under the poverty line, growing their own food would have been one possibility to feed their families, when they often have no option but to grow cocoa for the insatiable demand in the States.

While a class-action lawsuit was filed in Washington, DC, on behalf of 10,000 farmers in Ecuador and the AFL-CIO-related International Labour Rights Fund, (ILRF) it may not save the thousands of children already suffering the effects of fumigation and spraying. After the initial veiled threats from Dyncorp CEO Paul V. Lombardi, towards Bishop Jesse DeWitt president of ILRF, the lawsuit for indigenous Quiches and farmers from the state of Sucumbío, Dyncorp subsequently used its State Department leverage to ask “…the judge to dismiss the case because it involves national security interests of the United States.” Luckily the Judge after consulting material derived from an investigation by Ecuador’s Acción Ecológica came to the conclusion that Dyncorp had “committed crimes against humanity, torture and cultural genocide.” [7] This ruling finally led to the 2003 court rulings ordering the suspension of aerial fumigation of coca and poppy crops until environmental and human impact studies can be carried out.

However, in clear violation of Colombian law, President Alvare Uribe, a U.S. puppet, continues to do the State Department’s bidding and the spraying has continued. According to Narco News, a Latin American journal that reports on the drug war and (the lack of) democracy in Latin America: “Food crops have been destroyed, rainforest ravaged, tens of thousands of peasants have been displaced because their crops, livestock and water sources have been poisoned.” [8]

Colombia’s armed conflict is the longest-running guerrilla war in the Americas, and with U.S. involvement, shows no signs of decreasing in intensity. According to the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children, in 2002 alone “an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 civilians were killed in fighting; were targeted in political assassinations or were ‘disappeared.’ By comparison, the death toll was 3,000 to 3,500 in the previous year and where 4,077 children suffered violent deaths, including political violence and common crime, according to the Colombian Ombudsman’s Office (Ombudsman, Defensoría del Pueblo).” [9]

The crux of the problem in the declining fortunes of the Colombian people and the next generation of children being born into such chaos is U.S. sponsorship and support of guerrilla groups, paramilitaries, government armed forces and national police that have consistently perpetrated violence and abuses against civilians, particularly children and adolescents. There is widespread grievous bodily harm (GPH) and instances of rape in conflict and in domestic life.

Human Rights Watch place the incidences of rape of adolescent girls as 2.5 per every 1,000 young women. “Rape, sexual torture and other forms of sexual violence against women and girls are used as tactics to destabilize the population.” Despite a 2006, $20 million budget to help fund Colombia’s paramilitary demobilization process; the commercial sex trade is gaining ground, with estimates ranging from 20,000 to 35,000 children forced into commercial sexual work. [10] A steady unchecked business in arms trafficking and an equally plentiful supply of child soldiers parallels the figure of over 3 million children who do not attend school. A high percentage of indigenous and Afro-Colombian child soldiers of Between 11,000 and 14,000 are often targeted for recruitment. The U.S. State Department becomes uncharacteristically silent on the subject of support for Uribe and government armed forces that are known to use children as informants and “counter-insurgency” propaganda activities. [11]

403px-Álvaro_Uribe_Vélez

Former president Álvaro Uribe Vélez

Paramilitary leaders unilaterally declared a cease-fire in late 2002, with much trumpeting of the U.S. negotiations which were heralded as more evidence of the US bending over backwards to “assist.” If we look deeper, this “assistance” represents more attempts to find ways to circumvent the maze of interests that continue to carve up Colombia. Most paramilitary leaders at the negotiating table are there due to the possibility of extradition to the U.S. under the demobilisation laws and are haggling away their wealth that was illegally-acquired. Paramilitaries and drug barons are putting themselves forward as human bargaining chips to avoid imprisonment should the need arise. In truth, before 2005, demobilization had not been enforced due to the absence of a legal framework and served to act as yet another sop for Congress. Human Rights Watch reported in 2004: “…the government has been holding ceremonies in which thousands of purported paramilitaries turn over their weapons and become eligible to receive stipends and other benefits. As a result, there is a real risk that the current demobilization process will leave the underlying structures of these violent groups intact, their illegally acquired assets untouched, and their abuses unpunished.” [12]

The U.S. and the European Union actively encouraged the tragically misplaced naming of “Ley de Justicia y Paz” (Justice and Peace Law) while the United Nations Security Council sheepishly turned a blind eye. The Colombian Congress dutifully passed in June 2005 the legal framework for the demobilization of the paramilitary United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), the worst Human rights offender responsible for 80 percent of the most appalling abuses country-wide. They have been a dominant factor in the drug trade with various AUC leaders being extradited to the United States for prosecution on drug trafficking charges. Prison sentences are limited to a maximum of eight years and prosecutors are given a very limited leeway in which to present their charges. Big-wig criminals including drug barons are often blurring the lines between paramilitary groups. It means that they are protected from extradition to the United States by legal semantics and loopholes. Furthermore, safe in the assurance that they will be protected from the harsh realities of their crimes, the turning in of arms amounts to window dressing for Congress and NGO’s because they will not be required to reveal information about the paramilitary financing and methods. On top of this, they will not be detained for any undue length of time.

The CIA and its corporate covers in the monopolisation of the drug wars wish to hold onto and protect their assets while expanding and mopping up drug operations. Drug lords are bought off and given immunity in exchange for their illegal wealth while ex-paramilitaries are “re-integrated” back into the community. The latter means, of course, that these psychopaths have been hired back into the national police and army with a ridiculous assurance that no arms will be given to these men. Given Colombia’s record, this is nonsense. It is also an interesting example of the U.S. predilection for recycling military and special ops personnel back into its cover corporations abroad. We may well have the same practice happening in Colombia, with the priority going to private security firms, replicating the standards that Dyncorp is now so famous for. It seems everyone is a winner, except that is, the citizens of Colombia and its lost children. After all, mechanics, trainers, maintenance and administrative workers, logistics experts, rescuers and pilots and CIA agents with fat pay packets are all busy helping to fleece what is left of the country on a variety of support operations. For Dyncorp and CSC, exploitation ratios are its primary measure of success.

In an article by Journalist Uri Dowbenko he includes an explication of the financial mechanics behind Dyncorp’s free reign in the “War on Drugs” propaganda. Catherine Austin Fitts, former FHA Commissioner in the Bush Sr. Administration and former CEO of Hamilton Securities outlines how they do it where she refers to the creation of Stock Value or Capital Gains as “Pop” in Wall Street jargon:

If DynCorp has a $60 million per year contract supporting knowledge management for asset seizures in the United States,” she says. “The current proxy shows that they value their stock, which they buy and sell internally, at approximately 30 times earnings. So, if a contract has a 5-10percent profit, then per $100 million of contracts, DynCorp makes about $5-$10 million, which translates into $150 million to $300 million of stock value. That means that for a $200 million contract, with average earnings of 5-10percent ($10 million to $20 million), DynCorp is generating $300 million to $600 million of stock value.

Pug Winokur of Capricorn Holdings appears to have about 5 percent ownership, which means that his partnerships’ stock value increase $15-$30 million from the War in Colombia. If the DynCorp team kills 100 people, as an example, then that means they make $1.5 – $3 million per death. That way the Pop per Dead Colombian can be estimated, or, how much capital gains can be made from killing one Colombian. Since DynCorp was also in the Gulf and in Kosovo, we should be able to calculate the relative value of killing people in various cultures and nationalities. Pug Winokur’s partnership, under these assumptions, makes $75,000 to $250,000 of Pop per Dead Colombian. [13]

Of course, Bush’s anti-terror bill injected more financial aid to President Alvare Uribe’s right-wing government and managed to destroy much of the progress on human rights of the last few decades. It also smoothed the way for a doubling of the number of US troops and US contractors allowed in Colombia such as Dyncorp and Textron (the military helicopter firm) which continued from 2005 to 2009. The displacement of an already acutely oppressed people has reached 3 million and is worsening as a direct result of U.S. policy and the outsourcing of its global agenda.

Dyncorp is nothing more than the extension of the Pentagon’s foreign policy strategies from Bosnia to Colombia, Somalia to Haiti. Regime change required? Then call in a private security firm to sow the seeds of discontent by arming and training the waiting oppositions. This is exactly what happened when Somalia had the briefest window of opportunity for a democratic peace. After warlords had controlled the country for over fifteen years the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) had managed to wrest control from these chaotic and bloody factions during the summer of 2006. Despite the very real chance of a respite from war and carnage the US was in the region busily training Ethiopian troops who then invaded Somalia in December of that year backed up by US air raids.

The pretext of Al-Qaeda infesting the country was used. It was the same propganda employed in the invasion of Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Yemen, Syria and most of Africa –  in fact,  any other country which has bountiful resources. As the US proxy government was placed back into power Dyncorp was airlifted in with a fat $10 million contract in the following year for “peacekeeping” and “logistical support,” thus replacing the more costly presence of US combat forces. In other words, this was a proxy army to complete the proxy government. [14]

After the CIA-backed coup in Haiti and the toppling of Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide, Dyncorp was drafted in by the U.S. State Department to protect Boniface Alexandre, yet another US puppet wheeled into to their bidding.  Dyncorp is now busy training police in the country. [15]

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The U.N. General Assembly adopted the International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries in 1989 where around nineteen states ratified the Convention and nine states have signed but have yet to ratify. This followed with a further amendment to the convention in 1992 which was similarly ignored. It was also declared that “the use of mercenaries is a threat to international peace and security,” and that all were “Deeply concerned about the menace that the activities of mercenaries represent for all States, particularly African and other developing States” as well as “Profoundly alarmed at the continued international criminal activities of mercenaries in collusion with drug traffickers…” [16] At least three of the countries are officially known to have flouted the Convention. [17] The twenty-two States that have completed the constitutional procedures that bind them to the Convention are: Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Italy, Libya, Maldives, Mauritania, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Suriname, Togo, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay and Uzbekistan. The nine other States that have signed but not ratified it are: Angola, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Germany, Morocco, Nigeria, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia and … The United States. [18]

The extent of this indignation and concern was shown in the 1997 report by the UN Special Rapporteur on mercenaries regarding the growth market in mercenary activity: “In what appears to be a new international trend, legally registered companies are providing security, advisory and military training to the armed forces and police of legitimate Governments. There have been complaints that some of these companies recruit mercenaries and go beyond advisory and instruction work to become involved in military combat and taking over political, economic and financial matters in the country served.” [19] With the United States maintaining a military presence in 148 of the 192 United Nations countries, it is set to remain both a lucrative and controversial field of activity well into the future. [20]0921-indep

While Dyncorp’s associations with the UN already reek of hypocrisy, these naïve protestations are further laid bare when we realize that Lifeguard Security, a company linked to Executive Outcomes, a U.K. mercenary company, was responsible for guarding U.N. offices and residences in Sierra Leone’s capital of Freetown in 2004. The refusal of the U.K. a major manufacturer of weapons and source of mercenaries to sign the Convention was given an embarrassing exercise in exposition with the Equatorial Guinea Mercenaries Coup affair. Sir Mark Thatcher and Simon Mann’s forays into the arms business were highlighted in spectacular fashion, revealing an industry that rarely gets a mention yet is so instrumental in the destinies of government coups everywhere. [21]

Let’s have a brief look at some of these companies.

The Vinnell Corporation, part of the Northrop-Grumman merger in 2000, employs ex-military and CIA personnel as well as having close connections with concurrent U.S. administrations. It has had a contractual relationship to train the Saudi Arabian National Guard since 1975. This led to Bush condemning an attack in Riyadh in May 2003 that killed at least 30 people. it was blamed, of course, on Al-Qaeda.

True to the infantile propaganda that is circulating so effectively via the U.S. media every violent event and atrocity is traced back to the insidious tentacles of Osama Bin Laden’s Al-Qaeda network. This is very often the role of security companies such as Vinnell that act as foreign policy enforcers. They are there to prop up the regime and to keep dissidents at bay, hence they become targets. This is not dissimilar to the “insurgents” in Iraq who attack those intent on planting bombs and creating the seeds of a civil war. Under cover of chaos it is far easier to go about your business of fleecing the countries resources and laying plans for future geo-political monopolies. The terror wars are fuelling the security business growth and in turn, it is ensuring that terrorism remains a global menace, much to the delight of arms dealers everywhere. Companies such as Vance International specialize in American corporate executives travelling overseas, wealthy foreigners visiting the United States and the extravagance of Hollywood stars. It is renowned for using mostly ex-military men for “asset protection.”

Global Options which provides high-end security, intelligence and investigative services, billing itself as a “private CIA, FBI, State Department and Justice Department wrapped up into one.” Not forgetting its emphasis on “defending corporate America” which should fill us all with confidence. [22] Control Risk Grp.,  and MPRI  specialise in providing training mercenaries for armies worldwide. Although many corporations would feign incredulity at such heinous accusations, security corporations all provide services of “risk mitigation” and “executive or asset protection;” hired by governments, intelligence agencies and the 1% elite to do their dirty work outside of Congressional or Parliamentary oversight. Which makes Sandline International CEO Tim Spicer’s attempt to take the moral high ground particularly ridiculous. With the winding up of his company’s operations he left a petulant message on his now defunct website bemoaning lack of “government support”:

“On 16 April 2004 Sandline International announced the closure of the company’s operations. The general lack of governmental support for Private Military Companies willing to help end armed conflicts in places like Africa, in the absence of effective international intervention, is the reason for this decision. Without such support the ability of Sandline to make a positive difference in countries where there is widespread brutality and genocidal behaviour is materially diminished.”

The reality was that Sandline got caught red-handed doing what it shouldn’t and the government pulled up the ladders and claimed no knowledge which is what they do. The fact that an historical Western corporatism and its pathocratic enablers are the original cause of endemic corruption and destablisation within those countries also seems to have escaped the colonel’s worldview.

Other security contractors making mega-bucks in 2014 include:

  • Erinys – guarded most of Iraq’s vital oil assets
  • Academi – (formerly Blackwater and Xe) owns and runs one of the most advanced private military training facilities in the world.
  • Unity Resources Group – active in the Middle East, Africa, the Americas and Asia
  • Triple Canopy – won a security contract in Iraq worth up to $1.5 billion
  • Aegis Defense Service – works with the UN, US, and oil companies
  • Defion Internacional – recruits thousands of fighters from developing countries
  • G4S (orginaly known as the Wackenhut Corp.) –  the largest security contractor in the world that has it’s dirty fingers in most of the globes conflicts.  (more on Wackenhut’s history in the next post)

Ethics are not going to be top of the list in any of these businesses that would clearly kill the local nursery teacher if the contract fee was high enough.  What is more, the nature of the US Army and Navy means that they are chock full of the kinds of psychological profiles most attracted to such work which would include psychopaths, sociopaths, jackals and skirtoids which are then used as the pool from which private security firms draw their personnel. Former FBI agents, intelligence directors, Delta-Force, Air-Force, SWAT, Army Intelligence operatives, Secret Service agents, CIA veterans, Navy Seals and ex-Marines – you name it, the demand is there for such men and women. Security services and mercenaries for hire act as funnels to the US military and secret service in order to save money, resources and to actualise foreign policy moves beyond the radar of independent media and the public. Remember of course at a certain level, there is no such thing as a former FBI or CIA agent or any government intelligence operative.

As controversy about rendition and torture continues to bubble, private security firms are merging with the free-market to produce a boom in private finance deals both in Europe as well as the US Private-sector firms are even sponsoring academics and researchers and helping to formulate government penal and criminal justice policy, no doubt tailored towards an increasing reliance on profit over public interest. Stephen Nathan, editor of Prison Privatisation Report International said, regarding then Denmark-based Group 4 and its services: “The increasing influence of the private sector in the criminal justice system means shareholders’ interests come first. Who shapes criminal justice policy? Is it professionals, politicians and the public? Or is it Group 4 shareholders?” [23]

Though the tired suggestion that it is simply market forces and intense competition that has led to the prison services adopting more aggressively commercial approaches, this does not address the issue of rising crime rates of young offenders. For those ready to provide the means to sweep problems out of sight and out of mind it promises to remains an unending money-spinner.

 


End Note: This particular piece was written almost a decade ago. Since that time, Dyncorp International has certainly smartened up its PR and marketing. It has a slick website and a special “Social Responsibility” section and even an “A” rating on the Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index. Unfortunately, a predator is a predator. While it may do its best to change it’s spots – even extinguish internal corruption and crime about which you will read below –  it is still a corporation which outsources “guns for hire,” complete with logistical and technological know-how. As such, it continues to act as a de-facto arm of the American Empire and fans the flames of conflict simply by doing its job.

The whole idea of US policing the world and is thus an “interference” is a view offered by the progressive left and it is missing the point. It is far worse than this. Companies like Dyncorp are a hugely lucrative part of Corporate America. As the Empire becomes over-stretched, their remit is to facilitate long-term presence in countries through private means. This is not a misguided policy of over-protection and policing, as though this is somehow about good intentions gone awry. It is about the maintenance of a sprawling corporate-security complex offering further geopolitical leverage without committing further troops on the ground. It has the added advantage for military-corporate partnerships to remain a little deeper under the radar when comes to the mainstream media.

The presence of men “addicted to adrenalin” adds to the probability of civil conflict and abuse. Sure enough, this still proves to be the case, despite Dyncorp’s probably genuine attempts at instilling ethics and values training for its office workers. It even supports a children’s charity in the region which, from an historical perspective is truly ironic. Corporate philanthropy and conflict has always gone hand in hand because it’s good PR. But all this is a drop in the ocean when the overarching directive of such companies is destabilisation.  When you have ex-veterans walking around with automatic weapons, hearts pumping and looking for action; roaming around a country that has been destroyed by the very same forces – it’s hardly likely to end well. Corporations working for military, intelligence and US defence attending a children’s charity gala while acting as a stay-behind occupying force won’t work.

What Afghanistan and Iraq really need is ZERO American military presence and CIVILIAN personnel from genuine NGOs who have no political and military affiliations.

Reports in from 2011-2014 suggest that initiatives like Village Stability Operations (ALP) are a euphemism for creating a network of staging posts which maintain a massive presence in regions across Afghanistan, Iraq and other countries formerly trashed by the Anglo-American-Israeli invaders. The only reason these private armies are there is to maintain presence. Re-building infrastructure and assisting the population in recovering from Western aggression only occurs as an incidental practice. The primary objective is to create a country contoured toward Western strategies as they play out in the regions.

Mint Press News reported on the studies by the Congressional Research Service, titled “Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security and U.S. Policy”, a report which drew attention to the negative effects private security forces have in regions suffering from civil war, tribal conflict and geopolitical sensitivity. Although, it seems to me that is precisely why such companies are there in the first place …

The report stated:

“An outgrowth of the Village Stability Operations is the Afghan Local Police (ALP) program in which the U.S. Special Operations Forces conducting the Village Stability Operations set up and train local security organs of about 300 members each. These local units are under the control of district police chiefs and each fighter is vetted by a local shura as well as Afghan intelligence. There are about 23,000 ALP operating in nearly 100 districts. A total of 169 districts have been approved for the program, and there are expected to be 30,000 ALP on duty by December 2015. However, the ALP program, and associated and preceding such programs discussed below, were heavily criticized in a September 12, 2011, Human Rights Watch report citing wide-scale human rights abuses (killings, rapes, arbitrary detentions, and land grabs) committed by the recruits. The report triggered a U.S. military investigation that substantiated many of those findings, although not the most serious of the allegations. … In May 2012, Karzai ordered one ALP unit in Konduz disbanded because of its alleged involvement in a rape there. ALP personnel reportedly were responsible for some of the insider attacks in 2012.” [24]

But you won’t hear about that on Dyncorp’s website because outsourcing the empire is unlikely to fade away any time soon. But keep pushing those values and training programs. Who knows? Perhaps that will deliver enough rationalisations for those working within a corporation which actively profits from extending America’s security and logistical reach into resource-rich countries.

We help destroy your country and make money.

Then we help rebuild it and make money.

That way the banksters are also happy. And that, as we know, is all that matters.

 


Notes

[1] The Center for International Policy’s Colombia Project http://www.ciponline.org/ The Plan Colombia (Copy obtained from the Colombian Embassy to the United States, October 1999.) ‘Plan Colombia:  Plan For Peace, Prosperity, and  the  Strengthening of the State.’
[2] Drug Trafficking, Political Violence and US Policy in Colombia in the 1990s Dr. Bruce Michael Bagley, Professor of International Studies, School of International Studies, University of Miami, CIDE ciencias socials, http://www.cide.edu/
[3] ‘Colombia: Stoking the fires of conflict’ Amnesty International, Terror Trade Times, 2001.
[4] ‘DynCorp’s Drug Problem’ by Jason Vest, The Nation, July 3, 2001.
[5] Private Warriors by Ken Silverstein, published by Verso July 2000.
[6] ‘A Plane is Shot Down and the US Proxy War on Drugs Unravels’by Julian Borger, The Guardian, June 2, 2001.
[7] ‘DynCorp Charged with Terrorism Lawsuit Unites U.S. Workers & Ecuador Farmers vs. FumigationPart I of a Series By Al Giordano ‘Lawsuit in U.S. vs. Fumigation on Ecuador Border’ Narco News narco.com.
[8] ‘Fumigations Continue in Colombia Despite Court Ordered Suspensions’ Uribe and Bush Administrations in Clear Violation of Colombian Law By Peter Gorman The Narco News Bulletin April 29, 2004. http://www.narco.com
[9] ‘Colombia’s War on Children’ February 2004, Womens’ Commission http://www.watchlist.org/
[10] ‘The Effects of Armed Conflict on Colombian Children’ October 2004, U.S. Office on Colombia http://www.usofficeoncolombia.org.
[11] Ombudsman’s Office, Human Rights Watch, Coalition to Stop the Use of  Child Soldiers, 2003,www.hrw.org/
[12] Human Rights Watch Colombia: ‘Human Rights Concerns for the 61st Session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights,’ March 2005.
[13] Catherine Austin Fitts quoted in Dirty Tricks, Inc: The DynCorp-Government Connection 2002, by Uri Dowbenko.
[14] ‘DynCorp International’ Company profile by Phil Mattera | http://www.crocodyl.org May 19, 2010
[15] Ibid.
[16] United Nations Resolution A/RES/47/84, 89th plenary meeting, 16 December 1992. Use of mercenaries as a means to violate human rights and to impede the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination. http://www.un.org/
[17] International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries, Resolution 44/34,72nd plenary meeting 4 December 1989. United Nations General Assembly, http://www.un.org/
[18] ‘International Convention Against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries’ http://www.sourcewatch.org
[19] The Debate on Private Military companies 1997 report by the UN Special Rapporteur.
[20] ‘Ron Paul says U.S. has military personnel in 130 nations and 900 overseas bases’ Politi Fact.com Tampa Bay Times:http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2011/sep/14/ron-paul/ron-paul-says-us-has-military-personnel-130-nation
[21] ‘Straw: We did know of Africa coup’ By Antony Barnett and Martin Bright, The Observer, November 14, 2004
[22] http://www.globaloptions.com1047 ‘Crime pays handsomely for Britain’s private jails’ By Nick Mathiason, The Observer, March 11 2001.
[23] Ibid.
[24] Exclusive: Private Security Contractors, Fanning The Flames In Afghanistan? (AUDIO) Presence of US-backed private security in Afghanistan seems only to contribute to the ongoing violence. By Jo Erickson | October 16, 2013.